Alcohol and Drugs

Abuse, Misuse, Dependence – And Treatment

Alcohol Drugs

Indeed, Alcohol and Drugs abuse is characterized by the excessive use of illegal drugs, prescription drugs or even over-the-counter drugs. Alcohol and Drug abuse eventually leads to drug dependency whereby the drug begins to take control over you and affects your daily activities as well as your physical health.

Alcohol and Drugs Abuse – Treatment

Treatment of drug abuse normally uses a series of steps. These are:

  1. Group therapy
  2. Counseling
  3. Drug de-addiction

Furthermore, treatment of drug abuse generally follows a 12-step program which continues even after the treatment as a part of the recovery process.

Detoxification

Detoxification, or simply detox, is a procedure involving medical care while attempting to deal with withdrawal symptoms after your initial break from drug use. Since dealing with withdrawal symptoms can be quite problematic, you will certainly have to consult a doctor who will probably prescribe you certain medications.

Therapy

Treatment of the problem of drug abuse uses numerous forms of therapies. These include:

  1. Firstly, Group therapy, where you can interact your problems with other people who are going through the same ordeal.
  2. Also, Motivational interviewing (MI), where you can resolve mixed feelings with regard to quitting and treatment.
  3. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), where you can learn to take control over your actions as well as change your thought and behavior pattern in order to adjust to a drug-free life.
  4. In addition, Motivational enhancement therapy (MET), is motivational interviewing used to help give more motivation with respect to quitting drug consumption.
  5. Family counseling, or even couples therapy, where you can learn how to stay drug-free as well as improve your relationship with your family members or with your partner.

Treatment programs

Although, treatment programs for Alcohol and drugs dependance are often similar to therapies and are classified into three types:

  1. Inpatient treatment
  2. Outpatient treatment
  3. Residential treatment

However, if in doubt, make sure you consult a specialist. Lastly, a psychiatrist or a counselor in your area should be able to help.

Fits Seizures Epilepsy Treatment

fits seizures epilepsy treatment

Fits, Seizures, Epilepsy is a form of chronic disorder and it is characterized by recurrent seizures and importantly does have treatment options. The episodes of epileptic seizures may differ from person to person. These seizures could be a result of genetic disorder or a result of trauma or stroke. During a seizure, a patient may also experience symptoms of neurological disorders and sometimes lose consciousness. However, treatment is available.

Medical help for fits seizures or epilepsy i.e. treatment

Medications cannot cure seizures entirely. However, proper medicines help in eliminating recurrent seizures. These medicines stabilize the electrical activity within the brain preventing seizures.

How effective is the medication treatment for fits seizures or epilepsy?

The success of controlling seizures using medicines depends on the type and severity of the epilepsy. Medicines for epilepsy are usually very effective and may fully keep seizures under control. However, brain problems can cause seizures. In such cases treatment may be more difficult. Usually, epilepsy medicines can control seizures for a long period of time when they are taken regularly.

Need for medical help

The decision about when to start medicines for epilepsy is a tricky one. This is because a first seizure cannot confirm whether a person has an on-going epilepsy problem. A second seizure may occur after many years or may not happen at all. Prediction of seizures is also quite difficult.

The severity of seizures also indicates when to start medicines for treatment. In case a first seizure is quite severe, medication should be started at once. Some people have very mild seizures even though they may be recurring in nature, and medication can be avoided in this situation.

All the pros and cons must be thought over before starting medications for the treatment of fits or epilepsy. It is advisable to wait for a second seizure and then start medications for treatment. You should always consult a doctor to know when you need to start taking medicines to treat the condition.

For making the most out of the medicines to control seizures, you should follow certain steps:
  1. You must take medications exactly as your doctor has prescribed.
  2. Before switching to generic versions of your medicines or before taking other prescribed medicines, you must consult your doctor.
  3. You should never stop taking the medicines.
  4. In case you experience enhanced depression, mood swings and suicidal thoughts, you should talk to your doctor immediately.
  5. In case you have migraine, you should let your doctor know so that he can prescribe you anti-epileptic medicines, which also prevent migraines.

Medicines cannot treat the underlying cause of epilepsy, but these help in controlling seizures and this is the most common symptom of epilepsy. Visit with a neuropsychiatrist after making an appointment.

Quit Smoking Now !!

Quit Smoking Tobacco Cigarettes Cigar

Indeed, this post will help you quit smoking now. So, listen on. Nicotine or tobacco addiction refers to an acute dependence upon tobacco products primarily due to the presence of the nicotine drug. In other words, nicotine addiction refers to an inability to stop using tobacco products despite the knowledge and awareness that it is harmful to you. While nicotine only induces addiction, it is the presence of other substances in tobacco which makes it damaging and injurious to health.

Nicotine has the tendency to produce effects in the brain, both physical as well as mind altering, that give temporary satisfaction. This is precisely why people get hooked into the habit of tobacco consumption, which eventually leads to addiction.

Unfortunately, stopping tobacco use immediately can also lead to several withdrawal symptoms, like agitation and restlessness, and therefore you would need the help of a psychiatrist who is an expert in de-addiction. Therefore, quit smoking now might not not literally mean quitting cold turkey but liturgically over a period of time.

Causes

The main reason why tobacco is so addictive is due to the fact that nicotine releases neurotransmitters such as dopamine in the reward centre of the brain, which in turn improves your mood and gives you temporary pleasure.

Causes of nicotine addiction can either be physical or behavioral, for instance situations or feelings, which make you crave for tobacco. These include:

  1. Specific times during the day, say after every meal or during breaks at work
  2. While defecating
  3. While drinking alcohol
  4. Stressful or depressive situations
  5. At the sight or smell of a burning cigarette
  6. Peer pressure
  7. While driving

Symptoms of nicotine addiction include:
  1. Inablility to quit smoking despite frequent attempts.
  2. The experience withdrawal symptoms after attempting to quit.
  3. Continuing to smoke despite the awareness that it is injurious to your health.
  4. You forego social as well as recreational activities because of your need to smoke.
Effects of Smoking on Sexual Health

Smoking, in general, has a negative effect on the human body. It can cause a host of disorders such as mouth cancer, blood pressure problems, and lung cancer. Smoking affects the sexual performance of both men and women.

Here are some effects that smoking has on sex

  1. Impotence: Smoking can damage the blood vessels that lead to erectile dysfunction (a condition where the penis cannot sustain an erection).
  2. Decrease in libido: Smoking can cause various physical problems such as stamina reduction and lack of desire for sex. An individual who smokes won’t be able to give an optimal sexual performance and this can further lower satisfaction levels.
  3. Erectile dysfunction: Smoking can cause problems related to the circulation of the blood in the body. It can narrow the arteries that supply blood and this is directly linked with erectile dysfunction.
  4. Tissue damage: Smoking can damage the tissues inside the penis thus impairing your ability to have an erection during sexual intercourse.
  5. Early onset of menopause: It can affect the estrogen (a sex hormone) levels in the female body; so, women who smoke tend to reach menopause early.
  6. Reduction in penis size: It can reduce the penis size in men by damaging the blood vessels and the structure of the tissue around the penis. This is more common in younger men.
  7. Reduction in stamina: Smoking can cause a reduction in the stamina, thus a person will not be able to perform well sexually. It can lead to fatigue and tiredness during sex.
Therapies

Of course, there are a lot of therapies which can help you recover from the damage already happened because of smoking and prevent further damage.

Smoking is a phenomenon where the smoke emanated from a burning substance, usually tobacco, is inhaled. Smoking is a major cause for multiple diseases such as lung cancer, mouth cancer, blood pressure disorders etc.

Cigarette or Cigar or Beedi smoking tends to limit the capabilities of the immune system. Thus, this makes it easier for various diseases to affect the body. Smoking can lead to problems in the teeth where the gum tissues that attach the bone with the teeth are affected. This may cause the blood flow to the gums to be impaired and affect the functioning of the teeth.

The changes that the teeth undergo due to smoking are –

1. It may increase teeth sensitivity.
2. Smoking causes the teeth to be pulled away from the gums.
3. It can result in swollen and bleeding gums.
4. It may cause pain while chewing food.
5. Bone loss around the jawline occurs in smokers.
6. It can result in stained teeth and bad breath.

Disorders related to the teeth caused by smoking

There are various disorders of the teeth which are directly linked to smoking, they are –

  1. Mouth cancer – in this condition tumors are formed in the mouth
  2. Smoking can cause plaque to accumulate in the teeth
  3. Tobacco may cause gum disease that can result in tooth loss
  4. Also, smoking may interfere with healing period of any dental treatment
  5. Tobacco usage reduces the success rates of teeth implants
  6. Sweeteners present in the tobacco can also cause tooth decay

The effects of smoking on the tooth can be minimized by avoiding smoking altogether. Apart from that, following proper dental hygiene such regular brushing and flossing of the teeth will keep the teeth healthy. Avoiding smoking also reduces chances of lesion leukoplakia (white patches near teeth and gums).

Unfortunately, stopping tobacco use immediately or to quit smoking now, can also lead to several withdrawal symptoms, like agitation and restlessness, and therefore you would need the help of a psychiatrist who is an expert in de-addiction.